Optimization of the Coverage Area for DVB-T Single Frequency Networks Using a Particle Swarm Based Method
Single Frequency Networks (SFN) are usually considered to deploy OFDM modulation based digital broadcast systems, exploiting the multipath tolerance of the OFDM receivers, which are capable of combining signals coming from several transmitters with different propagation delays. In this paper, a planning tool is proposed to improve the coverage area in SFN networks, optimizing transmission parameters such as the transmitters delay or power, using 3D digital terrain maps along with a propagation prediction tool to estimate the power received at each location inside the coverage area. A heuristic Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm is used (PSO) to optimize transmission parameters. The approach proposed makes it possible to consider several configurations regarding both transmitters and receivers.