Phase Based Spatial Identification of UHF RFID Tags
In this paper, the authors give an overview of spatial identification (Determining position and velocity) of modulated backscatter UHF RFID tags using RF phase information. They describe three main techniques based on PDOA (Phase Difference of Arrival): TD (Time Domain), FD (Frequency Domain), and SD (Spatial Domain). The techniques are illustrated with modeling and simulation example in free space and in presence of multipath using a multi-ray channel model for amplitude and phase of the received tag signal in deterministic environment. They also present and discuss the experiments performed in a real RFID warehouse portal environment.