Physical Layer Authentication Watermarks Through Synthetic Channel Emulation
Source: University of Maryland
The authors present an authentication device allowing for the validation of wireless transmissions by means of a watermark signal applied at the physical layer, and demonstrate how the method may be applied to digital broadcast television signals. The novel watermarking approach presented conveys the authentication signal through explicit emulation of innocuous channel responses, further preventing Primary User Emulation attacks in Dynamic Spectrum Access theaters. The undesirable effects of the watermark signal design are removed by the receiver by traditional channel equalization practices, resulting in nearly zero impact to the Bit Error Rate (BER) of the primary signal received.