Productive, Unproductive And Destructive Entrepreneurship: A Theoretical And Empirical Exploration
Source: University of Michigan
Drawing on Baumol's concepts of productive, unproductive and destructive entrepreneurship and relevant amendments, this paper aims to contribute to the entrepreneurship literature by developing a conceptual framework which allows operationalising the concepts for empirical assessment. Furthermore, using data from longitudinal survey, author makes one of the first attempts to address the concepts empirically. The results provide with support for the conceptual framework highlighting the importance to shift the focus from firms' activities to output on both, venture and societal levels, short and long term, when concepts are addressed empirically.