QoS Provisioning Using Hybrid FSO-RF Based Hierarchical Model for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks
The authors' objective is to provide guaranteed packet delivery service in time constrained sensor networks. The wireless network is a highly variable environment, where available link bandwidth may vary with network load. Since multimedia applications require higher bandwidth so the authors use FSO links for their transmission. The main advantage of FSO links is that they offer higher bandwidth and security, while RF links offer more reliability. The routing in this multi-tier network is based on directional geographic routing protocol, in which sensors route their data via multi-hop paths, to a powerful base station, through a cluster head. Some modifications have also been incorporated in the MAC layer to improve the QoS of such systems.