QRD-QLD Searching Based Sphere Detection for Emerging MIMO Downlink OFDM Receivers
In this paper, a detection algorithm with parallel partial candidate-search algorithm is presented. Two fully independent partial search processes are simultaneously employed for two groups of transmit antennas based on QR and QL decompositions of the channel matrix. Proposed QRD-QLD detection algorithm is compared with well-known QRD-M scheme adopted for several emerging wireless standards. Latency of the QRD-QLD candidate search is about twice as small for similar error-rate performance and for identical hardware resources. Total detection latency of QRD-QLD algorithm that also includes computation of soft information for outer decoder is also substantially smaller.