Scalable Multicast Routing for Ad Hoc Networks
Source: Cisco Systems
Routing in a mobile ad hoc network is challenging because nodes can move at any time, invalidating a previously discovered route. Multicast routing is even more challenging, because a source needs to maintain a route to potentially many group members simultaneously. Providing scalable solutions to this problem typically requires building a hierarchy or an overlay network to reduce the cost of route discovery and maintenance. In this paper, authors show that a much simpler alternative is possible, by using source specific semantics and relying on the unicast routing protocol to find all routes. This separation of concerns enables the multicast routing protocol to focus on minimizing join latency, repair latency, and control overhead. Author design a routing protocol based on these principles and demonstrate its effectiveness through simulations.