Secure Transmission with Artificial Noise Over Fading Channels: Achievable Rate and Optimal Power Allocation
The authors consider the problem of secure communication with multi-antenna transmission in fading channels. The transmitter simultaneously transmits an information bearing signal to the intended receiver and artificial noise to the eavesdroppers. They obtain an analytical closed-form expression of an achievable secrecy rate, and use it as the objective function to optimize the transmit power allocation between the information signal and the artificial noise. Their analytical and numerical results show that equal power allocation is a simple yet near optimal strategy for the case of non-colluding eavesdroppers. When the number of colluding eavesdroppers increases, more power should be used to generate the artificial noise.