Sensor Deployment Using Particle Swarm Optimization
In Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN), sensors are randomly deployed in the sensor field which brings the coverage problem. It is a unique problem and in maximizing coverage, the sensors need to be placed in a position such that the sensing capability of the network is fully utilized to ensure high quality of service. This can be achieved with minimum number of sensor nodes having maximum coverage in the network and the nodes are within the communication range. In this paper, particle swarm algorithm was used to find the optimal positions of the sensors to determine the best coverage. This algorithm is an optimization technique which belongs to the fertile paradigm of swarm intelligence.