Strategy And leadership In Turbulent Times
Source: McKinsey & Company
The economic shock of 2008, and the Great Recession that followed, didn't just create profound uncertainty over the direction of the global economy. They also shook the confidence of many business leaders in their ability to see the future well enough to take bold action. It's not as if we don't know how to make good decisions under uncertainty. The US Army developed scenario planning and war gaming in the 1950s. And advanced quantitative techniques, complete with decision trees and probability-based net-present-value (NPV) calculations, have been taught to MBA students since the 1960s.