The Political Economy Of Corruption & The Role Of Financial Institutions
Source: University of Munich
In many developing and transition countries, the authors observe rather high levels of corruption. This is surprising from a political economy perspective, as the majority of people in a corrupt country suffer from high corruption levels. This model is based on the fact that corrupt officials have to pay entry fees to get lucrative positions. In a probabilistic voting model, they show that a lack of financial institutions can lead to more corruption as more voters are part of the corrupt system and, more importantly, as the rents from corruption are distributed differently. Thus, the economic system has an effect on political outcomes. Well-functioning financial institutions, in turn, increase the political support for anti-corruption measures.