Throughput Based Switching Threshold for Multicast and Unicast in Cellular OFDM Networks
This paper focuses on the problem of the switching threshold between multicast and unicast transmission in the downlink of an OFDM based air interface. In general, unicast transmission can benefit from high rate channel state information and is flexible in downlink rate adaptation, but the number of required resources scales with the number of users. Multicell multicast, which is in discussion for the 3GPP Long Term Evolution standard, is more economic in terms of resource allocation and can benefit from multi-site multicasting. However, for multicasting channel feedback information may not be available and the downlink transmission cannot be adapted individually.