Trade Policy And Innovation
Source: Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
The authors consider a two-country model with a firm in each country where firms across countries are heterogeneous in their capacity to innovate. They study process-improving R&D under various trade policy shocks. They find that the benefits of trade liberalization and trade protection differ across firms. One of the main results they obtain is that unilateral trade protection reduces R&D of the protected firm when that firm is highly innovative while it spurs R&D if the protected firm is lowly innovative. These predictions are in line with recent empirical evidence on firm level responses to trade protection. In contrast to earlier results for symmetric countries, the model shows that bilateral protection tends to reduce R&D levels.