Microsoft is tipping the scales in its favor
with ASP.NET Web Matrix,
a free download that lets you create ASP.NET Web applications,
services, etc. This IDE runs on Windows 2000 and Windows XP
machines. Here’s an overview of Web Matrix, as well as the steps
you need to take to create a .NET Web solution using Web

Web Matrix looks similar to Visual Studio .NET,
and some of the functionality is the same as VS.NET. One thing that
you’ll miss right away (if you use Microsoft development tools) is
IntelliSense; however, there is a class browser that lets you
peruse the different classes available from the .NET Framework.
Using the class browser, you can devise a plan of attack for
creating the code necessary to complete the functionality you’re
trying to implement.

Other highlights include the SELECT, INSERT,
UPDATE, DELETE, and Send Email code wizards that generate the code
you need in order to run queries against a SQL or Microsoft Access
database and send e-mail. This is a great training tool for anyone
who wants to take the fabricated code and personalize it to create
new functionality. Another highlight is the Custom Controls tab in
the Toolbox. By right-mouse clicking, you can add controls from the
online components library to your IDE. This is useful if you want
to bypass all the headaches involved with creating your own custom
components—well, it’s a headache if you don’t have any desire to
develop these components.

Without going into too much detail, let’s
create a Web service that selects data from a SQL table and returns
the results as a dataset. Fortunately, there’s an online tutorial
that will walk you through the process of creating such a solution.
I’ll follow the online tutorial somewhat, though I’ll address some
of the items that are left out. Also, I’ll mix-and-match a couple
of tutorials so you get a grasp of how to create a more realistic

Follow the steps in the tutorial
for creating the Web service.
But instead of using the Filename, Class, Language, and Namespace
that the tutorial uses, I suggest you use “mydata.asmx”,
“MyDataClass”, “C#”, “MyData”, respectively. You’ll end up with
code in the code window that looks like this:

<%@ WebService language=”C#” class=”MyDataClass”

using System;
using System.Web.Services;
using System.Xml.Serialization;

public class MyDataClass {

    public int Add(int a, int b) {
        return a +

I’ll change this a bit by adding debugging to
my solution—changing the first line to include Debug=”true”. I’ll also
declare a namespace for my class by adding the following line right
before the class constructor line:


If you don’t add this, Web Matrix will set the
namespace to “”. This is fine for
development, but you’ll need to change it for release.

The wizard adds the method “Add” to your class;
you can delete this code. We’ll add a method that selects the data
and returns a dataset. You can do this by clicking the Code Wizard
tab on the Toolbox. Then, click and drag the SELECT button to a
blank space in your class block. When you release the mouse button,
the wizard appears.

The first screen of the wizard asks you to
choose a database connection. Set the Select A Database field to
<New Database Connection>. Set the Select A Database Type to
SQL Server/MSDE Database. At this point, in order to use this,
you’ll have to have an available SQL Server or the MSDE installed.
I happen to have the MSDE installed, so I’ll use that connection.
If you don’t have either of these, you might want to consider
installing MSDE 2000

Next, click the Create button. Enter the server
name in the Server field (or keep the default (local) if you’re
using a local instance of SQL or MSDE). Keep the Windows
Authentication selection. (This will be important down the line.)
Select the Database that you wish to connect to and click OK. (I’m
connecting to a local database called MAIN_DB.) Follow the next few
wizard windows to create the SELECT query. When you get to the last
screen, where you’ll see the Finish button, change the method name
to GetMyData and make sure the return value is set to DataSet.
Click Finish.

Now you’ll see the generated code in the code
window. Here’s the code:

    public System.Data.DataSet GetMyData()
connectionString = “server=\'(local)\’;
System.Data.IDbConnection dbConnection = new
        string queryString
= “SELECT [zips].* FROM [zips]”;
dbCommand = new
= queryString;
= dbConnection;
dataAdapter = new
= dbCommand;
dataSet = new System.Data.DataSet();


Notice that I added the [WebMethod] declaration
to the resulting code. This identifies the method as a Web method.
I also added the public scope qualifier to the method.

Note: Once you download and
install Web Matrix, you can look through the class browser, which
includes links to all of the online documentation for the .NET
classes and associated methods/properties.

Running the Web service

First, save your file to a project directory
of your choice. This directory will become a virtual root
directory, so make sure you’re comfortable with the location.
Either go to View | Start and hit [F5], or click the Play button on
the toolbar. You’ll receive a prompt to start the application in
either the included Web Matrix Server or IIS. The Web Matrix Server
makes things easy to test out and comes with Web Matrix. However, I
decided to test the code on my IIS installation. To do so, choose
Use Or Create An IIS Virtual Root. Then, type the name of the alias
you wish to give the new virtual root. (I chose MatrixTest.) Note: You should save your
file in the Application Directory field. You may have to adjust the
security settings on this directory later.

If all goes well, you’ll see a page with a link
to your method name. If not, you’ll probably have one of two
problems: 1) IIS doesn’t have an association for .asmx files; or 2)
IIS cannot access the folder where the file is located. To cure the
first problem, you can either add the extension mappings yourself,
or you can reinstall the current .NET Framework. To map the
extensions yourself, you’ll need the Internet Information Systems
Manager, which is usually located under Administrative Tools in the
Control Panel. Using the IIS Manager, you’ll navigate to your
virtual directory where your ASP.NET Web service resides (which, in
my case, is the MatrixTest directory). To do so, right-click on the
directory and choose Properties. Click on the Configuration. . .
button under the Virtual Directory tab. Under the Mappings tab in
the next window, click the Add button to add a new mapping. If you
don’t already have the .asmx extension mapped, map it to
where <version> is the version of your .NET Framework

If you get an access violation error when
trying to run your Web service, you may have to allow access to the
directory where your ASP.NET files are located. (This is the
virtual root location from earlier.) Using Windows Explorer,
navigate to the virtual root folder. Right-click on the folder and
choose Properties. Under the Security tab in the next window, check
to make sure the ASP.NET Machine Account has permissions to access
this directory. If not, click the Add button and enter <computer name>\ASPNET
as the new account username where <computer name> is the name
of the computer where IIS is located. The minimum access
requirements are List Folder Contents and Read.

Now you should be able to access your Web
service. Try running the Web service from Web Matrix again. If you
get the method name link, click on the method name. You’ll get a
screen with information on using your Web service but, most
importantly, you’re provided with an Invoke button to test your Web
service. Click Invoke to invoke your Web service. A separate window
should open displaying the XML data from your query.

If, like me, you get an HTTP 404 Page not found
error, the best thing to do is to uninstall your .NET Framework
installation and reinstall the latest .NET Framework.

The class browser that comes with Web Matrix
allows you to research the .NET model. On the left-hand side of the
browser, you’ll find the available interfaces and classes that you
need. Double-clicking on these interfaces or classes displays the
methods and properties available on the right-hand side. It will
also provide you with a link to online documentation for the
associated class, method, or property.

You can follow the tutorials on Microsoft’s ASP.NET home page to
create a Web service client to test your Web service. You’ll also
find ASP.NET tutorials, forums, and newsgroups, as well as
downloads for the .NET Framework v1.1 and MSDE 2000.

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