You may be one of the best IT consultants in town, but if no one knows about you, you’ll never become successful. So how exactly do you build a reputation?

The obvious (and most simplistic) answer is to do good work. You should also: be honest and responsible; solve actual problems instead of imagined ones; look out for your client’s best interests; and complete each job. Every time you follow these basic tenets of being a good IT consultant, your reputation improves. Here are five strategies that can give your IT consulting career a leg up.

Note: These tips are based on an entry in our IT Consultant blog.

1: Word of mouth

Most of my clients learned about me by word of mouth. This is the oldest and, in my opinion, the most effective channel. Think about all the people who know about your abilities: former employers, former coworkers, classmates from college, and current and former clients. Ask some of them if they’ll give you a recommendation, or if they know anyone who is looking for an IT consultant. (Do not cold call or spam people you don’t know or send uninvited copies of your resume without a recommendation from someone the client already knows. It’s a waste of time.)

2: Specialization

A number of readers of the TechRepublic IT Consultant blog consider themselves “jacks-of-all-trades,” but the continuation of that saying holds a lot of truth: “master of none.” You may cultivate a reputation for being the go-to guy or gal to fix any problem that comes up, but you can take that role only so far. To really drive up your demand, become an expert in one specific area. You should select a topic/field that you’re passionate about because you need to immerse yourself in it day and night. Ideally, you want to know practically everything you can about the topic and be able to contribute your innovations — while maintaining a good general knowledge of all related fields.

3: Web activities

You must have an Internet presence. You’re in IT, for crying out loud. When potential clients search online to find authoritative help, you want them to be able to find you. Web sites that are updated frequently (such as blogs) tend to get a better search engine ranking. Blogs are great for another reason: You can establish a level of authority on a specific topic by researching and frequently writing about it. If people who are considered authorities in your field start linking to you, this enhances your authority.

It’s also important for you to engage in broader online discussions. Read blogs and forums that cover your specialty (and related topics) and comment frequently. Link to them from your blog and make sure you pingback or trackback so that your thoughts get included in the conversation. The more you think about and discuss your specialty with others in the field, the more your reputation will grow — and rightly so, because you will have learned a lot in the process.

4: Free samples

If you really want to convince people of your worth, post examples of your work on your Web site. This doesn’t apply very well to networking or security consultants, but it really works for software. If people learn something from your site, and they use it, like it, and marvel at the simple elegance of its design, they’ll probably want to hire you for related projects in the future.

5: Insider status

The ultimate level of reputation you can achieve is to be the person who helped create the technology the client wants to use. While this may disqualify some potential clients because they can’t afford your price, it’s a nice problem to have. Believe me, there will be plenty of other clients who can’t get enough of you. Insider status used to be extremely difficult to achieve in packaged software. It still is for proprietary software, where you basically have to be an employee or a long-term contractor to gain that experience. But if you get involved in an open source project, you can easily become an insider on one of the products that drive development these days. Pick your product well, though, because you’ll be spending a lot of time working with it.

How do you build your reputation?

These methods have worked well for me, but I bet there are many more strategies for building your reputation. What tips would you add to my list?

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