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You can improve a program’s user interface by using short
sounds to signal certain events such as the completion of a download or the
selection of a command. With the right Windows Multimedia function, playing WAV
files from a VB program is child’s play. However, the system must be equipped
with a sound card for this to work.
The API function you need is called PlaySound. Here’s its
Public Declare Function PlaySound Lib “winmm.dll” _
Alias “PlaySoundA” (ByVallpszName As String, _
ByValhModule As Long, ByValdwFlags As Long) _
The first argument is the name, including the path, of the
Wave file to play. The second argument isn’t used when playing sound files, and
you should pass a value of zero. (This function can also play sounds that are
associated with system events, but that topic isn’t covered here.) The final
argument consists of flags that control various aspects of how the function
For present purposes, two flags are used. They are (with the
constants that are typically used for them):
SND_ASYNC (value= 1): play asynchronously, which means that the function returns while the sound is still playing.
SND_FILENAME (value = &H20000): the first argument is a filename.
Thus, the following code plays the sound DingDong.wav:
PlaySound “dingdong.wav”, CLng(0), _
SND_ASYNC Or SND_FILENAME
When playing sound files in a program, there are two other
considerations. First, you want to make sure that the specified wave file
exists or else an error will occur. This can be done with this simple function:
Public Function FileExists(FullFileName) As Boolean
‘ Passed a filename (with path) returns
‘ True if the file exists, False if not.
s = dir(FullFileName)
If s = “” Then
FileExists = False
FileExists = True
Second, the program should have an option setting that lets
users turn the sound off. This can be maintained as a global Boolean variable
with a name such as gProgramSoundsEnabled.
My approach is to deal with both of these considerations in
a function as follows. (This code assumes that the wave files are stored in the
Private Sub PlaySoundX(filename As String)
‘ If sound is enabled and filename exists,
‘ play the specified sound.
filename = App.path & “\” & filename
If FileExists(filename) And gProgramSoundsEnabled Then
PlaySound filename, CLng(0), SND_ASYNC Or SND_FILENAME
With this function in place, the program can play any wave
file like this:
Another way of playing sounds from a VB program involves
including a multimedia control on a form. When you don’t need the extra
features of the control, the technique presented here is a lot easier.
Peter Aitken has been programming with Visual Basic since Version
1.0. He has written numerous books and magazine articles on Visual Basic and
other computer and programming topics.