Step-By-Step: Adding network client and service components using Win2K

Learn to install the client components required to share files on a network and interconnect systems.

You’ll feel lonelier than the last remaining contestant on Survivor if you don’t network your Windows 2000 machines. Fortunately, configuring networking connections is fairly straightforward on Windows 2000 systems.
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Whether you’re preparing for a Windows 2000 certification exam or deploying Win2K desktops or servers, the network component installation process begins after you’ve installed a network interface card (NIC). Windows 2000 automatically installs and configures most NICs when it boots. If your system doesn’t find the NIC you’ve installed, try the two following articles for troubleshooting tips:

Three components are required to share files on a network and interconnect systems: a client, a service, and a protocol. If you selected Typical Settings as the Networking Components option when you installed Windows 2000, the following items should have been installed by default:
  • Client For Microsoft Networks
  • File And Print Sharing For Microsoft Networks as the service
  • TCP/IP as the protocol

However, instead of the Typical Settings option, someone may have specified customized settings. Or a user or administrator may have had reason to delete these settings using Control Panel. If so, you’ll have to reload them.

Start by following these steps to install the client:
  1. Click Start | Settings | Network And Dial-up Connections.
  2. Select the Local Area Connection corresponding to the NIC for which you want to configure the network component settings. For this example, I selected LAN Connection, as shown in Figure A. Once you’ve selected the connection, double-click it.
  3. Click Properties in the resulting LAN Connection Status dialog box.
  4. Click Install in the resulting LAN Connection Properties dialog box, shown in Figure B.
  5. Select Client in the resulting Select Network Component Type dialog box, then click Add. Two options appear by default when using Windows 2000 Professional: Client For Microsoft Networks and Client Service For NetWare. Since I’m adding my machine to a Microsoft network (that’s most often the case), I selected Client For Microsoft Networks and clicked OK.
  6. After the client is installed, it will appear in the LAN Connection Properties box. Check the box next to it to enable its use. Click Close, and the client network component installation is complete.
  7. Close the open boxes by selecting OK, then Close.

Figure A
Select the connection you want to configure and double-click it.

Figure B
The LAN Connection Properties dialog box provides information about the installed components and NIC a connection uses.

Service installation
You install services in Windows 2000 in the same manner you install clients. However, in step number 5, instead of selecting Client from the Select Network Component Type dialog box, select Service.

You can choose from several services that are provided by default in Windows 2000:
  • File And Print Sharing For Microsoft Networks
  • QoS Packet Scheduler
  • SAP Agent

Select File And Print Sharing For Microsoft Networks, as that’s the service that permits the sharing of files, documents, spreadsheets, and other resources, such as printers on a Microsoft network. Click OK.

Just as with the client, you’ll then have to check the box to enable the service. After you do that, you’ve completed the service installation.

You’re not done yet!
Next week, I’ll walk through the processes you must follow to install and configure the basic network settings for the required protocol.
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