Tech Tip: Prevent logon if roaming profile fails/Change licensing modes in Win2K

Here's how to prevent logon if roaming profile fails and change licensing modes.

Windows 2000 Professional: Prevent logon if a roaming profile fails

Users who have roaming profiles can log on from any location in the network, and their profile follows them to their logon location. Roaming profiles help these users access the same desktop and working environment regardless of logon location.

If Windows 2000 is unable to download the roaming profile because it is unavailable or contains errors that prevent it from loading, Windows attempts to load the user's profile from the local computer, if available. Failing that, Windows loads the local default user profile instead.

If you prefer that roaming users can't log on unless the computer can download their roaming profile, enable the following policy: Computer Configuration\
Administrative Templates\System\Logon\Log Users Off When Roaming Profile Fails. Then, if Windows can't obtain the user's roaming profile, it will log off the user.

In addition to setting a policy to prevent logon if the roaming profile fails, you might also want to prevent Windows from caching the roaming profile on the local computer when a roaming user does log on. To prevent local caching of the profile, enable the following policy: Computer Configuration\Administrative Templates\System\Logon\Delete Cached Copies Of Roaming Profiles.

Windows 2000 Server: Change server licensing modes

Windows 2000 Server supports two licensing modes: per server and per seat. With the per-server licensing mode, you must add client access licenses (CALs) for specific server products, such as Exchange Server or Windows 2000 Server itself (for general client access to the server).

In per-server mode, the server application compares the number of concurrent connections to the server against the number of CALs listed in the Licensing console and denies access when the number of connections reaches the number of CALs.

In per-seat mode, you must purchase a CAL for each computer that will access the server, but Windows does not track connections against CALs in the Licensing console.

Per-seat licensing allows client connections to servers configured for per-seat licensing, but there's no guarantee that a client can connect to a server application configured for per-server licensing. Server applications configured for per-server licensing will still need to have CALs added through the Licensing console even if you've configured the server for per-seat licensing.

In addition to using the Licensing console to add CALs for specific products, you can also use it to switch from per-server to per-seat modes for a given server application. This change is one-way, and you'll only be able to make the change once.

To change licensing modes, open the Licensing console. On the Server Browser tab, expand the server, and double-click the server application. Select Per Seat, and click OK.

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