Vale John McCarthy: Lisp creator and AI pioneer

The computing world lost another giant overnight with the death of John McCarthy, the creator of Lisp and one of the pioneers of artificial intelligence, at age 84.

McCarthy coined the term "Artificial Intelligence" in 1955, with his desire for an algebraic list processing language for AI taking shape in the form of Lisp in 1958. Following this, McCarthy developed garbage collection for Lisp in 1959. McCarthy proposed computer time-sharing in a speech in 1961.

He was the winner of the Turing Award, Benjamin Franklin Medal and was also inducted into the IEEE's Intelligent Systems Hall of Fame in August.

The news comes on the back of fellow Turing Award winner, C creator and Unix co-creator Dennis Ritchie who passed away earlier this month.