Headers and footers, done well, can add a lot to your document. Whether you add a simple page number or go fancy by adding custom fields, you can use headers and footers to give your readers relevant information about the document.
1: Keep it simple if you can
The cardinal rule for headers and footers is "The simpler, the better." Most readers don't want a huge amount of information crammed into the top or bottom margins of the document they're reading — they just want to see the information that will help them (1) remember what they're reading; (2) know who wrote it and when; and (3) determine what page they're looking at. Depending on the type of document you're creating, you may want to include the filename, the date, or just the page number.
You can insert a ready-made header or footer by clicking the Insert tab and clicking Header or Footer in the Header & Footer group. Then, choose the style you want to add. You can create a custom header or footer by double-clicking at the top of bottom of the page. The Header & Footer Tools tab appears, offering all the tools you need to add the information that's right for your document.
2: Think in sections
In a huge document, headers and footers can be a lifesaver for your readers. But setting them up can be a bit of a pain. In Word 2010, headers and footers have been simplified, but the challenge — as always — comes in creating sections (if you want your headers/footers to change from section to section) and then making sure that each header or footer displays what you want in each section.Create a new section by clicking to position the cursor where you want the section to begin. Then, click the Page Layout tab, click Breaks in the Page Setup group, and choose the type of section break you want. Now click in the header or footer area of the new section (Figure A). If you want to create a new header that doesn't repeat the information from the previous header, click Link To Previous (to turn off the setting) and then insert the information you want to include.
Create a new section and then unlink the header in the new section to create a unique header.
3: Take it easy with font changes
If you're trying to pack a lot of information into a header or footer, it's certainly fine (and even expected) to reduce the font size a bit. Dropping the font size from 12 to 9 points, for instance, is a practical choice that actually helps the reader see at a glance what you consider the most important information on the page. Just resist the temptation to do something funky with the look of headers and footers. For example, you don't want to use Comic Sans when the rest of your document is Times New Roman.
4: Pictures? Really?
Yes, it is possible to put small images in headers and footers. And it can actually look nice if you incorporate an image such as a logo or special icon that is part of your company design. But you don't want to add random images simply to spruce things up. Functionality is the main goal with headers and footers.
In those cases where it makes sense to add an image, just use the Header & Footer tools (which appear when you've clicked in the header or footer area). Click Picture in the Insert group and navigate to the image you want to use. Resize and align the image and use the Picture Tools to get just the look you want.
5: Add custom info to headers and footersIf you want to include a bit more information in your headers or footers, you can have Word insert document properties, field information, and AutoText automatically. Start by creating the header or footer you want. Click to position the cursor within it. In the Header & Footer Tools Design tab, click Quick Parts in the Insert group. Click AutoText, Document Properties, or Field to add the desired content item (Figure B). The element appears at the cursor position.
Use Quick Parts to add AutoText, document properties, and fields to headers and footers.
Katherine Murray is a technology writer and the author of more than 60 books on a variety of topics, ranging from small business technology to green computing to blogging to Microsoft Office 2010. Her most recent books include Microsoft Office 2010 Plain & Simple (Microsoft Press, 2010), Microsoft Word 2010 Plain & Simple (Microsoft Press, 2010), and Microsoft Word 2010 Inside Out (Microsoft Press, 2010).