The Internet Crime Complaint Center has issued a warning on the rise of vishing attacks, which is like phishing in that the attacks are propagated through e-mail, but there's a difference.
Vishing operates like phishing by persuading consumers to divulge their Personally Identifiable Information (PII), claiming their account was suspended, deactivated, or terminated. Recipients are directed to contact their bank via telephone number provided in the e-mail or by an automated recording. Upon calling the telephone number, the recipient is greeted with "Welcome to the bank of ..." and then requested to enter their card number in order to resolve a pending security issue.
The attack is supposedly more effective, since it tends to put the victim at ease by claims such as "No confidential information is expected by e-mail."
FBI warns of "vishing" attacks (VNUnet)