Do you need to check your in Windows Vista? If so, the check disk utility checks your disks for integrity, bad sectors, and can recover information.
In order to check a disk in Windows Vista, right-click on the disk in question and choose Properties as shown in Figure A. and Figure B.
On the Properties page, click the Tools tab and click Check Now (Figure C).
Tick (Figure D) Automatically fix file system error and Scan for and attempt recovery of bad sectors checkboxes and click Start.
You cannot check the disk while it is in use. You can perform a disk check the next time you restart your computer (Figure E) by choosing Schedule disk check.
Upon restart, (Figure F) the chosen disk is checked for errors and repaired if needed.