Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers
Base station cooperation in the downlink of cellular systems has been recently suggested as a promising concept towards a better exploitation of the communication system's physical resources. It may offer a high gain in capacity through interference mitigation. This however, comes at a cost of high information exchange between cooperating entities and a high computational burden. Clustering of base stations into subgroups is an alternative to guarantee such cooperation benefits in a lower scale. The optimal definition of clusters, however, and a systematic way to find a solution to such problem is not yet available.