A Balanced Energy Consumption Sleep Scheduling Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks
Network lifetime is one of the most critical issues for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) since most sensors are equipped with non-rechargeable batteries with limited energy. To prolong the lifetime of a WSN, one common approach is to dynamically schedule sensors' active/sleep cycles (i.e., duty cycles) with sleep scheduling algorithm. In this paper, the authors propose a new sleep scheduling algorithm, named EC-CKN (Energy Consumed uniformly-Connected K-Neighborhood) algorithm, to prolong the network lifetime. The algorithm EC-CKN, which takes the nodes' residual energy information as the parameter to decide whether a node to be active or sleep, not only can achieve the k-connected neighborhoods problem, but also can assure the k awake neighbor nodes have more residual energy than other neighbor nodes at the current epoch.