University of Heilongjiang
The management and coordination of business-process collaboration experiences changes because of globalization, specialization, and innovation. Service-Oriented Computing (SOC) is a means towards business process automation and recently, many industry standards emerged to become part of the Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) stack. In a globalized world, organizations face new challenges for setting up and carrying out collaborations in semi-automating ecosystems for business services. For being efficient and effective, many companies express their services electronically in what the authors term Business-Process as a Service (BPaaS).