A Joint Energy Harvesting and Consumption Model for Self-Powered Nano-Devices in Nanonetworks
Nanotechnology is enabling the development of integrated nano-devices which are able to perform only very simple tasks. Nano-networks, i.e., networks of nano-devices, will enable advanced applications of nanotechnology in the biomedical, environmental and military fields. One of the major bottlenecks in nano-networks is posed by the very limited energy that can be stored in a nano-battery in contrast to the energy that is required by a nano-device to operate and, specially, to communicate. Recently, novel energy harvesting mechanisms have been proposed to replenish the energy stored in the nano-batteries. With these mechanisms, nano-networks can overcome their energy bottleneck and even have infinite lifetime.