Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers
In this paper, a 2D/3D UWB localization technique based on joint ToA/DoA in indoor dense multipath environment is proposed. In this method, Direction of Arrival (DoA) is estimated from Time of Arrival (ToA). The joint usage of ToA and DoA results in an accurate localization of the Mobile Node (MN). Unlike conventional methods, the proposed localization technique needs only one Access Point (AP) with an array structure. This consequently eases the synchronization requirement of the proposed localization scheme when compared to the classical ToA-based technique requiring at least 3 synchronized APs. To verify the proposed method real time UWB measurements in dense indoor multipath environment covering 2-6 GHz band were carried out.