A Multi-Scale Spatial Model for RSS-Based Device-Free Localization
RSS-based Device-Free Localization (DFL) monitors changes in the Received Signal Strength (RSS) measured by a network of static wireless nodes to locate people without requiring them to carry or wear any electronic device. Current models assume that the spatial impact area, i.e., the area in which a person affects a link's RSS, has constant size. This paper shows that the spatial impact area varies considerably for each link. Data from extensive experiments are used to derive a multi-scale spatial weight model that is a function of the fade level, i.e., the difference between the predicted and measured RSS, and of the direction of RSS change.