A New Class of Compact Linear Printed Antennas
A new miniaturization methodology suitable for printed linear antennas is presented. Miniaturization is accomplished by replacing a linear radiator element of a conventional antenna with a compact continuously varying-impedance profile governed by a truncated Fourier series. A design example of a printed half-wavelength dipole antenna is designed and realized in micro strip technology. The performance of the proposed antenna is compared with its equivalent uniform dipole to highlight the performance equivalency. With a 25% reduction in the dipole arm length, both antennas show a measured peak gain and a fractional bandwidth of 5.4dBi and 16%, respectively at 2.5GHz; hence, the overall electrical performance is preserved.