A New Energy-Efficient Adaptive Clustering Protocol Based on Genetic Algorithm for Improving the Lifetime and the Stable Period of Wireless Sensor Networks

Provided by: Science & Engineering Research Support soCiety (SERSC)
Topic: Enterprise Software
Format: PDF
In this paper, the authors present a new Genetic Algorithm-based Energy-Efficient adaptive clustering hierarchy Protocol (GAEEP) to efficiently maximize the lifetime and to improve the stable period of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). The new protocol is aimed at prolonging the lifetime of WSNs by finding the optimum number of Cluster Heads (CHs) and their locations based on minimizing the energy consumption of the sensor nodes using genetic algorithm. The operation of the GAEEP is broken up into rounds, where each round begins with a set-up phase, when the base station finds the optimum number of CHs and assigns members nodes of each CH, followed by a steady-state phase, when the sensed data are transferred to CHs and collected in frames.

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