Provided by: International Journal of Scientific Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR)
Date Added: May 2013
Prevailing methods of human identification based on credentials (identification documents and PIN) are not able to meet the growing demands for stringent security in applications such as national ID cards, border crossings, government benefits and access control. As a result, biometric recognition, or simply biometrics, which is based on physiological and behavioral characteristics of a person, is being increasingly adopted and mapped to rapidly growing person identification applications. Unlike credentials (documents and PIN), biometric traits (e.g., fingerprint, face and iris) cannot be lost, stolen, or easily forged; they are also considered to be persistent and unique.