Academy & Industry Research Collaboration Center
In this paper, the authors present a novel Handover mechanism to minimize target Femto Access Points (FAPs) list during macro-to-femto and femto-to-femto handover in LTE based Macro-Femto Heterogeneous Networks. Hand over is the procedure that transfers an ongoing call from one cell to another as the users move through the coverage area of cellular system. The femtocell has a limited coverage area (15 meters to 30 meters) and subsequently, Hand over is decided based on mobile User Equipment (UE) speed for handover between macro cell-to-femtocell and femtocell-to-femtocell. In the existing networks, for handover procedure, serving Base Station will decide the cell selection based on mostly the signal strength of the neighboring femtocells.