International Journal of Computer Applications
Authentication is the process of identifying an individual, usually based on username and password. Authentication merely ensures that the individual is who he or she claims to be. This forestalls the activities against confidentiality and integrity. Shoulder surfing is the main problem of graphical passwords. To overcome the problem of shoulder surfing the authors introduced a novel scheme called S3PA (Scalable Shoulder Surfing resistant textual-graphical Password Authentication scheme). This S3PA scheme provides the login screen to the user at every time the user logs in, this login image consists of set of characters.