International Journals of Advanced Information Science and Technology (IJAIST)
The mobile ad hoc networks are infrastructure less, topology less, self organized and battery powered networks with large number of mobile nodes. The important issue considered during the design of mobile ad hoc networks is its limited battery power. As the nodes moves freely in the networks, frequent recharging or replacement of battery is not so easy and it is impossible in some applications such as rescue operations. These networks are used in areas, where the infrastructure of communication is damaged due to some problem, to establish a communication media until infrastructure is restructured.