Canadian Center of Science and Education
MANET is a spontaneous system of mobile nodes where each node plays the role of router and mobile station. They can join or disconnect from the network any time and transfer packets in peer-to-peer mode or a multicast mode. Nodes are connected by way of wireless links and form a random topology graph. Network topology may change rapidly and erratically, so it can considerably affect packet routing in terms of network throughout, load and delay. Multiple hops can locate between diversity of node's route as a consequence form the communication as expanded complexity.