International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation Engineering (IJAREEIE)
With the advancement of wireless communication systems and increasing importance of other wireless applications, wideband and low profile antennas are in great demand for both commercial and military applications. Multi-band and wideband antennas are desirable in personal communication systems, small satellite communication terminals, and other wireless applications. Recent efforts by several researchers around the world to combine fractal geometry with electromagnetic theory have led to a plethora of new and innovative antenna designs. This paper describes the theories and techniques for shrinking the size of an antenna through the use of fractals.