International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (IJARCSSE)
A wireless sensor network consists of multiple numbers of nodes which enables the monitoring of a variety of environment in different location for applications that may include inventory management, habitat monitoring, forest fire detection, military application, vehicle tracking, disaster relief, and machine failure diagnosis. In WSN design, routing protocol with energy efficiency has been a challenging task. Efficiency, reliability and security must be essential in designing a routing protocol. In WSN numerous mechanisms have been proposed to reduce the impact of energy dissipation on communication protocols.