IOSR Journal of Engineering
Substrate Integrated Waveguides (SIW) are used for transmission of Electromagnetic waves. They are planar structures belonging to the family of Substrate Integrated Circuits. Because of their planar nature, they can be fabricated on planar circuits like Printed Circuit Boards (PCB) and can be integrated with other planar transmission lines like microstrips. They retain the low loss property of their conventional metallic waveguides and are widely used as interconnection in high speed circuits, filters, directional couplers, antennas. This paper is a comprehensive review of Substrate Integrated Waveguide and its integration with Microstrip line.