A Survey: Analysis of Characteristics and Challenges in Wireless Sensor Network Routing Protocols
A Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) has gained tremendous importance in terms of research and application. This has been possible due to the availability of sensors that are smaller cheaper and intelligent. These sensors are equipped with wireless interfaces with which they can communicate with one another to form a network. The design of a WSN depends significantly on the application, and it must consider factors such as the environment, the application's design objectives, and cost, hardware, and system constraints. In this paper, the authors present a survey of the state-of-the-art routing protocols in WSNs. They study the energy concerns in WSNs and how LEACH protocol could address to these concerns in effective way. The paper concludes with possible future research areas.