A Survey on Android vs. Linux
Android is an open source mobile device operating system developed by Google based on the Linux 2.6 kernel. The Linux kernel was chosen due to its proven driver model, existing drivers, memory and process management, networking support along with other core operating system services. In addition to the Linux kernel various libraries were added to the platform in order to support higher functionality. Many of these libraries originate from open source projects; however the Android team created their own C library, for example, in order to resolve licensing conflicts.