International Journal of Computer Science and Network
Wireless networks have long suffered from congestion. It occurs when source node transmits the data at a rate greater than that of a network device can accommodate. It causes the buffer on such devices to fill up and possibly overflow. It results in loss of packets. Most of the routing protocols which are currently in use are not congestion adaptive. Existing congestion control schemes treat congestion as an individual problem and propose ad hoc solution that is dissatisfied. Routing should not be aware of, but also be adaptive to network congestion. Adaptation to the congestion helps to increase both the effectiveness and efficiency of routing.