International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (IJIRSET)
A Mobile Ad hoc NETwork (MANET) is a collection of self-configuring mobile nodes without any infrastructure. As the MANET is infrastructure less, it is having dynamic nature and random network topology. Due to dynamic nature of MANET routing is very critical task. Random network topology also affects the performance of the network. Random movements of node causes route failures as the nodes moves out of each other's range. Due to frequent route failures and re-discovery the routing load of the network increases which can affect quality of service of the network. Many efforts have been made to design reliable routing protocols that enhance route stability of network.