International Journal of Engineering Sciences & Research Technology (IJESRT)
Although establishing correct and efficient routes is an important design issue in Mobile Ad hoc NETworks (MANETs), a more challenging goal is to p the most critical limiting factor. They minimize either the active communication energy required to transmit or receive packets or the inactive energy consumed when a mobile node stays for any possible communication requests from other nodes. However, with the wide implementation of wireless networks, routing. For example, for ad hoc network or sensor networks, the devices used in these networks are lightweight, and battery operated.