International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering (IJARCSSE)
Position information of the nodes is primary requirement in geographic routing. Forwarding nodes are selected among neighbors based on their location. Each node should be aware of its neighbors' location at the time of data transfer condition. Hence each node should update its location information through a message called beacon. Existing mechanisms invokes periodic beacon update scheme which consumes the network resources such as energy and bandwidth specifically when the network traffic is high it creates packet loss in the network leads to retransmission of data packet causing additional delay and energy consumption.