International Journal of Innovative Science and Modern Engineering (IJISME)
The high cost of the opto-electronics components which are typically used for the long-haul communication is prohibitive in the fiber to the home and passive optical networks. This cost prone limitation can be easily optimized to some extent by reducing the cost of the electronics components used in the design of the transceiver and thereby, reducing the packaging cost. The ICs are designed in house and fabricated on a standard CMOS wafer with 0.18m technology. These devices can operate at 1.8V and are low power in nature, thus reducing the demand on power dissipation.