An Ultra-Efficient Key Recovery Attack on the Lightweight Stream Cipher A2U2

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Provided by: University of Waterloo
Topic: Hardware
Format: PDF
In this paper, the authors report on an ultra-efficient key recovery attack under the chosen-plaintext-attack model against the stream cipher A2U2, which is the most lightweight cryptographic primitive (i.e., it costs only 284 GE in hardware implementation) proposed so far for low-cost Radio Frequency IDentification (RFID) tags. Their attack can fully recover the secret key of the A2U2 cipher by only querying the A2U2 encryption twice on the victim tag and solving 32 sparse systems of linear equations (where each system has 56 unknowns and around 28 unknowns can be directly obtained without computation) in the worst case, which takes around 0:16 second on a Thinkpad T410 laptop.
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