International Journal of Computer Applications
In a Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) accurate location of target node is highly desirable as it has strong impact on overall performance of the WSN. This paper proposes the application of different migration variants of Biogeography-Based Optimization (BBO) algorithm and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) for distributed optimal localization of randomly deployed sensors for different ranges. Biogeography is collective learning of geographical allotment of biological organisms. BBO has a new inclusive vigor based on the science of biogeography and employs migration operator to share information between different habitats, i.e., problem solution. PSO models have only fast convergence but less matures. An investigation on distributed iterative localization is presented in this paper that shows how time consumption and error varies for different ranges.