Analytical Modeling for Spectrum Handoff Decision in Cognitive Radio Networks

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Provided by: Reed Elsevier
Topic: Networking
Format: PDF
Cognitive Radio (CR) is an emerging technology used to significantly improve the efficiency of spectrum utilization. Although some spectrum bands in the primary user's licensed spectrum are intensively used, most of the spectrum bands remain underutilized. The introduction of open spectrum and dynamic spectrum access lets the secondary (unlicensed) users, supported by cognitive radios; opportunistically utilize the unused spectrum bands. However, if a primary user returns to a band occupied by a secondary user, the occupied spectrum band is vacated immediately by handing off the secondary user's call to another idle spectrum band. Multiple spectrum handoffs can severely degrade Quality-of-Service (QoS) for the interrupted users.
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