Anonymous Packet Format (APF) based Secure and Effective Routing Protocol in MANET
Interest in the area of Mobile Ad-hoc NETwork (MANET) is growing since last few years because of its practical applications and requirement of communication in mobile devices. However, in comparison to wired network or infrastructure-based wireless network, MANET is particularly vulnerable to security attacks due to its fundamental characteristics, e.g., the open medium, dynamic network topology, autonomous terminal, lack of centralized monitoring and management. The black hole attack is one of such security risks. In this attack, a malicious node falsely advertise shortest path to the destination node with an intension to disrupt the communication.