Automating Processor Customisation: Optimised Memory Access and Resource Sharing
The authors propose a novel methodology to generate Application Specific Instruction Processors (ASIPs) including custom instructions. Their implementation balances performance and area requirements by making custom instructions reusable across similar pieces of code. In addition to arithmetic and logic operations, table look-ups within custom instructions reduce costly accesses to global memory. They present synthesis and cycle-accurate simulation results for six embedded benchmarks running on customized processors. Reusable custom instructions achieve an average 319% speedup with only 5% additional area. The maximum speed-up of 501% for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) requires only 3.6% additional area.